Potential of Turmeric (Curcuma Longa Linn.) And Curcuma (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.) As a Natural Growth Promotor
Turmeric (Curcuma Longa Linn.)
Turmeric (Curcuma Longa Linn.) is a form of shrubs and herbs is an annual (perennial) spread throughout the tropics. Turmeric plant grows wild around the forest and fertile / former garden. Estimated to come from the twinkle in the height of 1300-1600 m above sea level, there is also a saying that turmeric comes from India. Curcuma word derived from Arabic and Greek Kurkum Karkom. This plant is widely cultivated in South Asia especially in India, South China, Taiwan, Indonesia (Java), and the Philippines (Warintek, 2011a).
Turmeric rhizome is the part that is often used as a spice in cooking, cosmetics, and traditional medicine. Besides the plant rhizome of turmeric is also useful as an anti-inflammatory, anti oxidant, anti-microbial, cancer prevention, anti-tumor, and lower levels of blood fats and cholesterol, as well as a blood purifier (Warintek, 2011a).
Turmeric contains the active ingredient called curcumin that may function as an antibacterial (Sinurat et al., 2009). Turmeric flour contains 91.13% of dry matter, oil volatile 3.18%, 27.40% starch, fat 9.69%, 6.56% protein, fiber and 7.61% curcumin levels of 9.61% ( Sinurat et al., 2009).
Curcuma (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.)
Curcuma (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.) Is a medicinal plant in the form of pseudo-trunked clump of plants. In the area of West Java called koneng big ginger while at Madura called the meeting radish. Indo-Malaysian region is a place where ginger is spread throughout the world. Currently this plant than in Southeast Asia can be found also in China, Indochina, Bardabos, India, Japan, Korea, the United States and some European countries (Warintek, 2011b).
This plant grows well on land that has shade. Ginger roots can adapt well to different kinds of good soil calcareous soil, sandy, slightly sandy or heavy soils berliat. Ginger is found in moderate to high altitude areas with annual rainfall between 1000-4000 mm / year. The optimum temperature for growth of ginger 19-30 ° C range (Warintek, 2011b).
The main components contained in turmeric (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.) Is curcumin (Wiryawan et al., 2005) and xanthorrizol (Sinurat et al., 2009). Xanthorrizol active substance isolated from ginger has the same effectiveness of commercial properties with antifungal amphotericin B (Rukayadi and Hwang, 2006). Sinurat et al., (2009) reported that the dry powder of ginger contains material of 94.14%, 5.97% volatile oil, starch 53.00%, fat 9.04, protein 9.88%, 2.26% fiber , curcumin 2.00% and 1.58% xaanthorrizol. Hwang et al. (2002) states that ginger can inhibit the bacteria that cause disease S.mutans teeth konsnrasi hanbat minirnal Dargan (MIC / minimurn inhibitory Concentration) 2 mg / ml and showed complete inhibition (bactericidal) at a concentration of 5 mg / ml role in the minutes. Have the benefits of ginger to enhance kidney function and anti-inflammatory, acne, increased appetite, anti cholesterol, anti-inflammatory, anemia, anti-oxidants, cancer prevention, and anti-microbial (Warintek, 2011b).
Hwang, JK, JS Shim, HK Park, HJ Ahn and SN Kim. Of 2002. Xanthorrhizol from Curcuma xanthorrhiza as a novel agent against Streptococcus mutans Anticariogenic. Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea. Research Report.
Rukayadi, Y And JK Hwang. , 2006. In vitro antifungal activity of xanthorrhizol isolated from Curcuma xanthorrhiza candida Roxb against pathogenic, opportunistic filamentous fungi and Malassezia. Pros. National Seminar of the Chemical Society of Indonesia. Palembang, 19-22 July 2006. Dept. Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Society Indonesia IPB Cab. West Java and Banten. Bogor. , p. 191-202.
Sinurat, AP, T. Purwadaria, IAK Stars, PP Ketaren, N. Bermawie, M. And Raharjo M. Rizal. , 2009. The Utilization of turmeric and curcuma xanthorrhiza as feed additive for broilers. JITV 14 (2): 90-96.
Information stalls and Technology. 2011a. Turmeric (Curcuma Longa. Linn.). http://www.warintek.ristek.go.id . [June 25, 2011]
Information stalls and Technology. 2011b. Curcuma (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.). http://www.warintek.ristek.go.id . [June 25, 2011]
Wiryawan, KG, Suharti, S. & Stars, M. , 2005. Study of Antibacterial Wild Ginger, Ginger and Garlic against Salmonella typhimurium and the Effect of Garlic on performans and Immune Response Broiler. Med. Pet. 22: 52-62.
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